The advent of new technologies brings with it a range of new concerns. The effectiveness of these technologies continues to be undermined by the lack of connection between warning and response, although the greater involvement of affected communities and civil society is promising. At the same time, there is little empirical evidence on what works and what does not in response to specific warning. The volume of information generated, and its wide variety of formats and sources, create problems for data management and analysis.
Furthermore, as new roles and relationships emerge, actors are confronted with a host of unprecedented ethical challenges.
Preventive Measures: Building Risk Assessment and Crisis Early Warning Systems John L. Davies
The speed and openness of information flows makes those challenges even more critical, with high stakes for the affected populations. The Menlo Report and related challenges outlined in this paper represent significant progress toward conceptualizing ethical principles for the use of ICT in conflict early warning and human rights reporting.
There is now a need for those principles to be fully translated into practical guidelines and actionable recommendations for practitioners. Phuong N. Pham, Ph. Patrick Vinck, Ph. Please address correspondence to Phuong Pham at ppham hsph. Reza, M. Anderson, and J. Levy and V.
Conflict early warning - Wikipedia
Haar and L. Vinck, P. Pham, H.
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Weinstein, and E. Beyrer and H. Axworthy and A. Aning and S. Campbell and P. Gruskin, E. Mills, and D. Ginsberg, M. Mohebbi, R. Patel et al. Johansson, J. Brynielsson, P. Horling, et al. Freifeld, R. Chunara, S. The authors have developed such applications. Davies and T. Coyle and P.
Stauffacher, B. Gasser, C. Maclay, and M. Rogers, Prelude to response: Process and learning documentation report conflict early warning in Liberia San Francisco: Humanity United, , pp.
Survey conducted among a randomly selected sample of adults in the city of Obo, Central African Republic, P. Vinck, J. Wynn-Pope and S. Cousins, Early warning for protection technologies and practice for the prevention of mass atrocity crimes, outcome document Carlton, VIC: Oxfam Australia, pp.
Joliatc, and D. Meier, Verifying crowdsourced social media reports for live crisis mapping: An introduction to information forensics November Humphreys, Voix des Kivus: Reflections on a crowdseeding approach to xonflict event data gathering New York: Columbia University, , pp. Crowdseeding differs from crowdsourcing in that only a network of trusted contributors within affected communities can contribute information, as opposed to the general population.
Pham, P. Vinck, and E.
Dittrich and E. The principles are based on the Menlo Report Ibid, p. Share this:. Previous Post Previous Abstract — Associations between human rights environments and healthy longevity: The case of older persons in China. Next Post Next Abstract — Technology, conflict early warning systems, public health, and human rights.
Building Risk Assessment and Crisis Early Warning Systems
Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Serve relatively small role or are passive as source of informationAre seldom the recipients of warnings. Are actively involved in data gathering and submissionAre actively involved in warning identification and communicationAre actively involved in community preparedness, conflict prevention, and mitigation.
Serve small or passive role as source of informationDevelop contingency planning for top-down response. Serve as active source of informationProvide innovative platform for data gathering, management, and disseminationSupport local response and resilienceOrganize transnational information campaign social media. Rely on rapid surveys and sentinel sites to gather structured data to assess and monitor baseline health status, risks, and determinants of health, health services, security, changes in the populationHierarchical and linear information sharing field to headquarter to field and data sharing.
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Language English. Author Davies, John L. Other Authors Davies, John L, editor. Gurr, Ted Robert, , editor. Copyright Content Types text Carrier Types online resource Physical Description 1 online resource pages : illustrations, tables, charts. Subjects Humanitarian assistance.
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