Savoury dishes often eaten during merienda include pancit canton stir-fried noodles , palabok rice noodles with a shrimp-based sauce , tokwa't baboy fried tofu with boiled pork ears in a garlic-flavoured soy sauce and vinegar dressing , and dinuguan a spicy stew made of pork blood , which is often served with puto steamed rice flour cakes.
Dim sum and dumplings, brought to the islands by Fujianese migrants , have been given a Filipino touch and are also popular merienda fare.
Street food, such as squid balls and fish balls, are often skewered on bamboo sticks and consumed with soy sauce and the sour juice of the calamondin as condiments. Pulutan  from the Filipino word pulutin which literally means "to pick something up" is a term roughly analogous to the English term "finger food" or Spanish Tapas. Originally, it was a snack accompanied with liquor or beer but has found its way into Philippine cuisine as appetizers or, in some cases, main dishes, as in the case of sisig. There is also sisig  , a popular pulutan made from the pig's cheek skin, ears and liver that is initially boiled, then charcoal grilled and afterwards minced and cooked with chopped onions, chillies, and spices.
Smaller snacks such as mani peanuts are often sold steamed in the shell, salted, spiced or flavored with garlic by street vendors in the Philippines. Another snack is kropeck , which is fish crackers. Tokwa't baboy is fried tofu with boiled pork marinated in a garlic-flavored soy sauce or vinegar dip.
It is also served as a side dish to pancit luglog or pancit palabok. You can also find tuhog-tuhog accompanied by sweet or spicy sauce. This include Fish balls, Kikiam, Squid balls etc.
In a typical Filipino bakery, pandesal , monay and ensaymada are often sold. Pandesal comes from the Spanish pan de sal literally, bread of salt , and is a ubiquitous breakfast fare, normally eaten with and sometimes even dipped in coffee.
It typically takes the form of a bread roll, and is usually baked covered in bread crumbs. Contrary to what its name implies, pandesal is not particularly salty as very little salt is used in baking it.
Monay is a firmer slightly denser heavier bread. Ensaymada , from the Spanish ensaimada , is a pastry made using butter and often topped with sugar and shredded cheese that is especially popular during Christmas. It is sometimes made with fillings such as ube purple yam and macapuno a variety of coconut the meat of which is often cut into strings, sweetened, preserved, and served in desserts. Also commonly sold in Filipino bakeries is pan de coco , a sweet roll filled with shredded coconut mixed with molasses. Putok , which literally means "explode", refers to a small, hard bread roll whose cratered surface is glazed with sugar.
Kababayan is a small, sweet gong-shaped muffin that has a moist consistency. Spanish bread refers to a rolled pastry which looks like a croissant prior to being given a crescent shape, and has a filling consisting of sugar and butter. There are also rolls like pianono , which is a chiffon roll flavored with different fillings. Brazo de mercedes , a rolled cake or jelly roll, is made from a sheet of meringue rolled around a custard filling.
Similar to the previous dessert, it takes on a layered presentation instead of being rolled and typically features caramelized sugar and nuts for sans rival. Not overly sweet, they are rich, crisp, chewy, and buttery all at the same time. Barquillos use sweet thin crunchy wafers rolled into tubes that can be sold hollow or filled with polvoron sweetened and toasted flour mixed with ground nuts. Meringues are also present in the Philippines, due to the Spanish influence, but they are called merengue — with all the vowels pronounced.
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Leche flan is a type of caramel custard made with eggs and milk similar to the French creme caramel. Leche flan the local term for the original Spanish flan de leche , literally "milk flan" is a heavier version of the Spanish flan made with condensed milk and more egg yolks. Leche flan is usually steamed over an open flame or stove top, although on rare occasions it can also be seen baked.
Leche flan is a staple in celebratory feasts. A heavier version of leche flan , tocino del cielo , is similar, but has significantly more egg yolks and sugar. The egg pie with a very rich egg custard filling is a mainstay in local bakeries. It is typically baked so that the exposed custard on top is browned.
Buko pie is made with a filling made from young coconut meat and dairy. Mini pastries like turrones de casuy are made up of cashew marzipan wrapped with a wafer made to resemble a candy wrapper but take on a miniature look of a pie in a size of about a quarter. There is also napoleones — again with all the vowels pronounced — a mille-feuille pastry stuffed with a sweet milk-based filling. There are hard pastries like biskotso a crunchy, sweet, twice-baked bread.
Another baked goody is sinipit which is a sweet pastry covered in a crunchy sugar glaze, made to resemble a length of rope. Similar to sinipit is a snack eaten on roadsides colloquially called shingaling. It is hollow but crunchy with a salty flavor. For a softer treat there is mamon a chiffon-type cake sprinkled with sugar, its name derived from a slang Spanish term for breast. There's also crema de fruta , which is an elaborate sponge cake topped in succeeding layers of cream, custard, candied fruit, and gelatine. Similar to a sponge cake is mamoncillo which generally refers to slices taken from a large mamon cake , but it is unrelated to the fruit of the same name.
Sandwich pastries like inipit are made with two thin layers of chiffon sandwiching a filling of custard that is topped with butter and sugar. Another mamon variant is mamon tostada , basically mamoncillo toasted to a crunchy texture. Stuffed pastries that reflect both Western and Eastern influence are common. One can find empanadas , a turnover-type pastry filled with a savory-sweet meat filling. Typically filled with ground meat and raisins, it can be deep fried or baked. Siopao is the local version of Chinese baozi. Buchi is another snack that is likely of Chinese origin.
Bite-sized, buchi is made of deep-fried dough balls often from rice flour filled with a sweet mung bean paste, and coated on the outside with sesame seeds; some variants also have ube as the filling.
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There are also many varieties of the mooncake-like hopia , which come in different shapes from a flat, circular stuffed form, to cubes , and have different textures predominantly using flaky pastry, but sometimes like the ones in mooncakes and fillings. For festive occasions, people band together and prepare more sophisticated dishes. Tables are often laden with expensive and labor-intensive treats requiring hours of preparation.
It is usually a whole roasted pig, but suckling pigs lechonillo , or lechon de leche or cattle calves lechong baka can also be prepared in place of the popular adult pig. It is typically served with lechon sauce, which is traditionally made from the roasted pig's liver. Other dishes include hamonado honey-cured beef, pork or chicken , relleno stuffed chicken or milkfish , mechado , afritada , caldereta , puchero , paella , menudo , morcon , embutido referring to a meatloaf dish, not a sausage as understood elsewhere , suman a savory rice and coconut milk concoction steamed in leaves such as banana , and pancit canton.
The table may also be have various sweets and pastries such as leche flan , ube , sapin-sapin , sorbetes ice creams , totong or sinukmani a rice, coconut milk and mongo bean pudding , ginataan a coconut milk pudding with various root vegetables and tapioca pearls , and gulaman an agar jello-like ingredient or dessert.
Christmas Eve, known as Noche Buena , is the most important feast. During this evening, the star of the table is the Christmas ham and Edam cheese queso de bola.
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Supermarkets are laden with these treats during the Christmas season and are popular giveaways by Filipino companies in addition to red wine, brandy, groceries, or pastries. Available mostly during the Christmas season and sold in front of churches along with bibingka , puto bumbong is purple colored ground sticky rice steamed vertically in small bamboo tubes.
More common at celebrations than in everyday home meals, lumpiang sariwa , or fresh lumpia , is a fresh spring roll that consists of a soft crepe wrapped around a filling that can include strips of kamote sweet potato , singkamas jicama , bean sprouts, green beans, cabbage, carrots and meat often pork. It can be served warm or cold and typically with a sweet peanut and garlic sauce.
Ukoy is shredded papaya combined with small shrimp and occasionally bean sprouts and fried to make shrimp patties. It is often eaten with vinegar seasoned with garlic, salt and pepper. Both lumpiang sariwa and ukoy are often served together in Filipino parties.
Lumpiang sariwa has Chinese origins, having been derived from popiah. Ilocanos , from the rugged Ilocos Region , boast of a diet heavy in boiled or steamed vegetables and freshwater fish, but they are particularly fond of dishes flavoured with bagoong , fermented fish that is often used instead of salt.
Ilocanos often season boiled vegetables with bagoong monamon fermented anchovy paste to produce pinakbet. Local specialties include the soft white larvae of ants and "jumping salad" of tiny live shrimp. The Igorot prefer roasted meats, particularly carabao meat, goat meat, and venison. Due to its mild, sub-tropical climate, Baguio , along with the outlying mountainous regions, is renowned for its produce. Temperate-zone fruits and vegetables strawberries being a notable example which would otherwise wilt in lower regions are grown there.
It is also known for a snack called sundot-kulangot which literally means "poke the booger. The town of Calasiao in Pangasinan is known for its puto , a type of steamed rice cake. Kapampangan cuisine makes use of all the produce in the region available to the native cook. Among the treats produced in Pampanga are longganisa original sweet and spicy sausages , calderetang kambing savory goat stew , and tocino sweetened cured pork.
Combining pork cheeks and offal, Kapampangans make sisig. The cuisine of the Tagalog people varies by province. It is a center for panghimagas or desserts, like brown rice cake or kutsinta , sapin-sapin , suman , cassava cake, halaya ube and the king of sweets, in San Miguel , Bulacan , the famous carabao milk candy pastillas de leche , with its pabalat wrapper.
These are usually topped with latik , a mixture of coconut milk and brown sugar, reduced to a dry crumbly texture.
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A more modern, and time saving alternative to latik are coconut flakes toasted in a frying pan. Antipolo City , straddled mid-level in the mountainous regions of the Philippine Sierra Madre , is a town known for its suman and cashew products. Laguna is known for buko pie coconut pie and panutsa peanut brittle. Batangas is home to Taal Lake , a body of water that surrounds Taal Volcano.
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